Gino Foti | Orbis Terrarum

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Al Di Meola Jaco Pastorius Jonas Hellborg Percy Jones

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World: World Fusion Jazz: World Fusion Moods: Featuring Bass
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Orbis Terrarum

by Gino Foti

Instrumental Jazz/World Fusion - Aural travelogue exploring the relationships between diverse musical traditions and the dichotomy of rhythm & melody of the bass guitar by blending ethnic rhythms, spacious melodies & flowing solos.
Genre: World: World Fusion
Release Date: 

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1. Dionysian Stream
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4:23 $0.99
2. Kujichagulia
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4:07 $0.99
3. Privilege Of The Strong
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4:28 $0.99
4. Essence Of A Noble Soul
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6:27 $0.99
5. Ultradian Rhythms
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5:46 $0.99
6. A Bridge Between Time And Eternity
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5:11 $0.99
7. Credo
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4:14 $0.99
8. Disciples Of Life
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5:22 $0.99
9. Disciples Of Death
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4:23 $0.99
10. A Brief Eclipse
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4:19 $0.99
11. Vivir En Alegria
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3:39 $0.99
12. Panta Rhei
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4:57 $0.99
13. A Smile For Every Tear
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3:56 $0.99
14. Apollonian Stream
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5:22 $0.99
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ABOUT THIS ALBUM


Album Notes
Overview:

Latin for "globe of the earth", or more poetically "circle of the world", Orbis Terrarum is a legend that was applied to many ancient maps, then centered around the Mare Internum - meaning the Mediterranean Sea. Born in Sicily, and exposed to a variety of traditional music from countries bordering the Mediterranean throughout my childhood, I found it an appropriate title for my first world fusion release.

Growing up in a household where European classical compositions and folk songs from throughout the region were routinely played on our radio and record player, these styles of music and the cultures they originate from have always been close to my heart. After emigrating to the United States in the early seventies, I began listening to the jazz fusion and progressive rock artists of the day and found that the juxtaposition of Western classical elements and ethnic rhythms, along with the finesse and improvisation of jazz and the power and intensity of rock, were musical forms that were at once familiar and brand new to me.

In the spirit of those musical hybrids, I hope to have created a synthesis between diverse musical elements and cultures, without sacrificing too much of the essences of each, while further exploring the dichotomy of rhythm and melody of the bass guitar with this release.

Composition Notes:

1. Modes Of Consciousness: Part I - Dionysian Stream

The ancient Greeks spoke of two spiritual streams to which people could belong: the Apollonian and the Dionysian. Apollo embodied the principles of reason, harmony, and order in the Universe, while Dionysus represented passion, rebellion, and chaos. Through the ages, music has been considered the most Dionysian of all art forms, as it appeals directly to humanity's instincts and emotions more than their logic and reason. However, were it not for the opposite Apollonian characters of form, structure, beauty, and individuality, music would have much less variety and would not be as enjoyable to listen to.

This composition is a study in tension and dialogue between structure & order and impulse & passion, with an obvious emphasis on the latter two. It is centered around a call-and-response solo section between synthesizer and electric guitar, backed by bass guitar and various percussion instruments from around the world - mostly African "talking" drums (adondo, atumpan, dondo, gan gan) and timbales (Cuban kettle drums/timpani), with the latter also performing tradeoff solos throughout the recap of the main section. It features my Electrum bandmate, guitarist Dave Kulju.

2. Kujichagulia

The title is taken from the second day of Kwanzaa, and means "self-determination" - one of the Seven Principles (Ngozo Saba). The associated pledge is for individuals to define, name, create, and speak for themselves - instead of being defined or being spoken for by others. The idea is to design a positive future and then vow to make that prophecy a self-fulfilling one.

In this arrangement, fretless bass guitar plays rhythm, lead, and melodic themes over African drums (talking and stick) and vocal phrases, xylophone, berimbau (musical bow of African origin), kalele drones (steel drums), as well as added synth beds.

3. Privilege Of The Strong

Friedrich Nietzsche wrote that "...few are made for independence - it is a privilege of the strong." As the first composition completed in a project that began production on July 04, 2004, I thought the title and subject matter were quite appropriate. The instrumentation includes: doumbeks (Mediterranean/Middle-Eastern goblet drums), saghat (finger cymbals), classical guitars, fretted and fretless bass guitar, and acoustic piano. The heart of this piece features the latter two sharing a question-and-answer section before a guitar solo in the Rondeña and Bulerías flamenco styles, all in 6/8 time signature.

4. Essence Of A Noble Soul

This arrangement was assembled from a discarded Electrum composition. More melodic in content and laid back in mood than my usual writing, it finds new life in this release with different chord progressions and the addition of a fretless bass solo, electric guitar loops, and various Mediterranean and Middle-Eastern percussion instruments.

5. Ultradian Rhythms

Shorter than one day in length, ultradian rhythms are endogenous patterns that modulate our mental, physical, and emotional systems. These include feeding patterns, heart rate, rest-activity cycles, and "hemispheric dominance" within the brain, which I thought was a nice tie-in to the album's concept and some of the artwork.

I chose several Rumba (aka Rhumba) rhythms as the focus of this piece since their primary sources are from both hemispheres, and I thought that the contrast of flowing solos over their staccato beats would be interesting. This composition includes classical guitar, piano, fretted and fretless bass solos, as well as a question-and-answer section with all of the above instruments, over a foundation of Latin percussion including: congas, bongos, claves, and Cajun triangle.

6. A Bridge Between Time And Eternity

This arrangement shares a lot of qualities with the last three tracks (hence its listing position) although sounding completely different. It begins with classical guitar themes over a synth bed, like "Strong"; it contains various melodic themes recycled from unused Electrum material, like 'Essence"; and for the first half of the tune the guitar is playing Rumba rhythms, like "Ultradian".

It also contains a bass guitar solo which acts as a bridge between the modalities of the two halves of this piece - major for the first, minor for the second. Each half features classical guitar and piano solos over a bed of bass guitar and various ethnic percussion instruments.

7. Credo

Fretless bass guitar and acoustic piano take turns in melodic and lead roles over Latin jazz-styled chord progressions, while being accompanied by doumbeks (aka doumbec, darbuka), zills (finger cymbals), and other Mediterranean and Middle-Eastern percussion.

8. Wan-Wu: Part I - Disciples Of Life

In Daoism, the concept of Dao (aka Tao) is regarded as the natural order of the Universe, unexplainable since it exceeds senses, thoughts, and imagination, from which all myriad creatures (wan-wu) are originated. Literally, "Ten Thousand Things", Wan-wu is used as a metaphor for all living things, or the whole of creation.

In the Daoist view, all manifestations of the Dao are generated by the interplay of two archetypal poles, Yin & Yang. Nothing is only Yin or only Yang, so the natural order is one of dynamic balance between the two. For this arrangement, glass bowls and bass guitars act as the opposite poles striving for balance. Added instrumentation includes: ceramic bells, gourds, lom bak (Javanese hand drum), and synthesizer.

9. Wan-Wu: Part II: Disciples Of Death

This composition features various hand percussion instruments from Southeast Asia (clappers, hand drums, cymbals, gongs, singing bells, shakers, scrapers, etc.), fused with slap bass guitar, hard rock/heavy metal-styled electric guitar, electric violin, and various synth beds in a dark and sometimes dissonant arrangement.

10. A Brief Eclipse

I chose the title from the lyrics of the Rush song 'Entre Nous' as they reflect the contents of this composition fairly accurately. Structured as a sonata allegro (exposition - development - recapitulation) with an intro and coda, and using elements from the rock, jazz, funk, and Latin worlds, the main instruments: acoustic piano, bass guitar, and electric guitar orbit around drifting synth beds and spacy, eclectic percussion giving the tune a loose, elastic feel, and an overall relaxed mood. This arrangement showcases keyboardist Chris Rossi on piano.

11. Vivir En Alegria (To Live In Joy)

A "tongue-in-cheek" piece with bass guitar and acoustic piano playing rhythm, melody, and lead lines over various Merengue, Murga, and Salsa rhythms performed on electric guitars, congas, cowbells, and hi-hat cymbals. The musical equivalent of drunken cannibals at a nudist colony.

12. Panta Rhei

The title is a maxim used by the ancient Greek philosopher Heraclitus of Esphesus, "panta rhei kai ouden menei", which can be translated as: "all things are in a state of flux and nothing is permanent".

An arsenal of Mediterranean lutes and stringed instruments, including: acoustic and electric bouzouki, baglama, cumbus, oud, saz, and tzouras take their turn over bass guitar ostinatos and several percussion instruments, including riq (aka rik or riqq) - an Egyptian tambourine, saghat, and doumbeks playing in various rhythms, mostly Maqsum (aka Maksum or Maqsoum) and Malfuf (aka Malfouf) - both popular Egyptian and Fertile Crescent rhythms. This arrangement also includes a panned call-and-response doumbek solo.

13. A Smile For Every Tear

A classical guitar and acoustic piano ballad that blends European classical, Spanish flamenco, and Latin American folk music.

14. Modes Of Consciousness - Part II: Apollonian Stream

Fretless bass guitar is joined by two acoustic pianos - a Yamaha on the left channel, a Steinway on the right - as well as a synth string section, in a piece that strives to balance rock, jazz, European classical, and Mediterranean folk music. The arrangement is structured as a theme and variations waltz (3/4 time), with the percussion instruments (doumbeks, riq, tar, and deff) playing mostly 6/8 rhythms: Okruk and my own Karshilama variant.

This composition is dedicated in loving memory of my father.


Reviews


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Eric Land

Uniquely awesome!
This CD covers a incredibly wide variety of instrumental genres. While you never know what style of music you'll hear in the next song, you can rest assured knowing that you'll love it. Best CD purchase that I've made in at least a year! Instantly one of my favorites.

Douglas Sloan (Metronome Magazine)

A musical breath of fresh air.
(Top Pick for December 2006) Orbis Terrarum is a complex piece of music. Folks who like pop and bubblegum rock may not understand it because Foti writes and performs music for the thinking man, and he does it very well. He's an accomplished bass player who also handles keyboards, loops, sampling, producing, arranging, engineering, mixing and mastering with skillful precision. Foti has taken a lifetime of musical influences and transformed them into these fourteen compositions. He leaves no stone unturned as he touches down on everything from progressive to classical and funk to fusion. Each song is masterfully created and performed while guest players Dave Kulju on electric guitar and Chris Rossi on piano help Foti realize his musical dream. In a world of homogenized rock, Gino Foti is a musical breath of fresh air.

Eric Harabadian (Progression Magazine)

An interesting and sonically pleasing travelogue...
Foti takes the listener on a journey around the globe with original instrumental material that explores Mediterranean sounds along with those of Africa and Asia.

Outside of a little help from friends Dave Kulju and Chris Rossi providing piano on one track, our Sicilian bassist handles all of the exotic percussion and a cavalcade of acoustic and electric instruments to boot.

Gino sites folks like Geddy Lee, Jaco Pastorius and Ralphe Armstrong as his influences - world class bass players, all. One could add Foti to the list as he employs great writing and arranging skills and incredible invention in taking the bass guitar to new heights as a lead instrument.

Quite an interesting and sonically pleasing travelogue indeed!

Larry Marchiony (ProgGnosis)

It's evolutionary.
The sound presented here contains such a wide diversity of influences that it is impractical to peg it to one or two cultural influences. It has a modern twist which follows its ancestral writings as does everything in the music world. Since all music has been built upon the last and so one could say it's evolutionary or you could say instead that it's new and original with something not heard before. Foti succeeds with Orbis Terrarum and there are song samples on his web site. I recommend it.

Steve Roberts (ZNR Records)

Virtuoso bass playing ala Michael Manring or Percy Jones.
Based around themes that make me think of Bo Hansson, Mike Oldfield or Jade Warrior and some lush arrangements that these groups would be proud of and incorporating some virtuoso bass playing ala Michael Manring or Percy Jones, "Orbis Terrarum" is a great instrumental prog album with many influences. Not strictly 'rock' music, but neither is this something that in years past would have been labelled 'new age'. Infact a lot of this reminds me of some of Pekka Pohjola's work - beautiful melodies played in a semi-classical style with some very distinctive bass work! If you enjoy lush instrumental prog then Gino's CDs are definitely right up your alley! Highly recommended to fans of the musicians/groups mentioned in this review, especially Pekka Pohjola's solo work!

J-Sin (Smother Magazine)

Exploration of the world’s various musical styles told through instrumentals.
Meaning “Globe of the Earth” in Latin, “Orbis Terrarum” is an exploration of the world’s various musical styles told through Gino Foti’s instrumentals. Using progressive rock and jazz as the foreground, he deftly weaves in a background of various other influences, fusing them together as if to show the world that we’re all united by sound.

Al Garcia (The Jazz/Rock Fusion Page)

Let (it) take you on an aural world tour. Recommended.
Orbis Terrarum is similar in tone and approach to Sphere of Influence, yet is a bit more harmonically varied. Highlights include the use of African chants on “Kujichagulia”, the Metheny like open chords on “Essence of a Noble Soul,” and the mix of middle eastern orchestral excepts with fuzz bass on “Disciples of Death.”

If you like music from different cultures and times, let Gino Foti’s CD take you on an aural world tour. Recommended.

Dag Fjellby

This is truly AWESOME!
Gino Foti’s CD ”Orbis Terrarum” is simply the best CD I’ve heard for ages! I listen to a lot of music, often 8-10 CD’s a day. I can promise you – it isn’t often you’ll come across quality like this! That is – off course – if you like this kind of instrumental Jazz/World Fusion, in the spirit of Mahavishnu Orchestra, Percy Jones, Jonas Hellborg and Al Di Meola. The wide variety of this CD is outstanding! You just want to play it over and over – and over again. This is a great instrumental prog album with many influences. Foti is exploring every kind of music on this CD. Here’s elements from classic, fusion, progressive and funk music. Chris Rossi on piano and Dave Kulju on electric guitar lifts this CD even higher.
This music isn’t for the “pop lovers” – but for people who understands and like various progressive music, with elements from all over the world – this is a MUST HAVE! I’m really impressed, this is just amazing. Highly recommended for fans of the genre, and for them who likes Percy Jones (Brand X), Mahavishnu Orchestra, Al Di Meola, Jonas Hellborg style of music. If I could give this CD 6 STARS I’d done so, but a strong 5 STAR will do. Don’t hesitate. Buy the CD, and remember to check out Gino Foti’s other work, found here at CD Baby.