The Cadaqués Orchestra was founded in 1988 as the Cadaqués Festival's resident orchestra, and made its debut with the participation of Victoria de los Ángeles and Alicia de Larrocha.
The orchestra's first conductors were Edmon Colomer and Philippe Entremont among others. Its Principal Conductor at present is Gianandrea Noseda, winner of the 1994 Cadaqués Orchestra International Conducting Competition. Sir Neville Marriner is its Principal Guest Conductor, a position he has occupied for many years along with Gennady Rozhdestvensky. The Orchestra's Resident Composer is Jesús Rueda. Since 1990 its Artistic Director has been Llorenç Caballero.
It has played with soloists such as Paco de Lucía, Rafael Orozco, Jean Françaix, Michel Camilo, Jean-Pierre Rampal, Pepe Romero, Viktoria Mullova, Barbara Hendricks, Montserrat Caballé and Teresa Berganza. In the field of opera, it has taken part in productions alongside singers such as Joan Pons, Sumi Jo, Roberto Alagna, Angela Gheorghiu, Ainhoa Arteta, Simon Estes and Josep Bros.
The Cadaqués Orchestra places special emphasis on premiering works by contemporary composers and in recovering works by early Spanish composers. In 1994 it has co-produced Xavier Montsalvatge's opera Babel 46. It has also commissioned and premiered works by Joan Guinjoan, Luis de Pablo and Tomás Marco, Jesús Rueda, Salvador Brotons and Leonardo Balada, among others. In the field of early music it has given performances of works by composers such as Ferran Sor, Josep Duran, Ramon Carnicer, Domènec Terradellas and Manuel Pla.
The orchestra has made several recordings with Sir Neville Marriner and Gianandrea Noseda. It organizes the Cadaqués Orchestra International Conducting Competition, a highly interesting competition for young conductors from around the world.
Philippe Entremont conducted the orchestra in 2002 when it went on a Pan-Asiatic Tour which included China, Singapore, Malaysia, South Korea, Brunei, Indonesia, Taiwan, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. In 2005 they will be the resident orchestra at the Santo Domingo Festival, in addition to travelling to Florida for their US debut.