Howlers revised 2006 Richard Burdick, Natural Horn
The story behind the revision:
After Mr. Burdick completed two cd’s of his own compositions, he recorded the Dauprat duets.
The first version of Howlers (2002) was done on borrowed horns under the assumption that (maybe) these duets could be played on natural horn. The title implies, like a dog’s response to bad intonation, the music isn’t very well in tune.
There was always the feeling of costs going too high in a rented studio & not enough time for fixes.
Just four years later and hundreds of hours of natural horn recording time under his belt, Richard needed an easy project to test out his new studio in his new house in Regina, Saskatchewan. What was almost impossible in 2002 is now an easy project.
This recording was done at the tempos that Dauprat suggested, many faster than before, one exactly the same and a few slower.
The Mozart selections are a teaser for a later release of an all Mozart CD. Bear in mind that it is most likely that Mozart wrote these while bowling with Leutgeb and fooling around to find the limits of his horn playing ability. They most likely were for Eb horn, even though the go up to the 24th overtone.
The Dauprat duets, opus 14 are for horns in different keys. His is not the sort of composer who modulated very much. The pair of different keyed horns play the same melody but on a different set of overtones, and with different hand positions in the bell. It’s very interesting. Mozart did this sort of thing in his more complex works, like his 40th Symphony with horns in G & Bb together.
In the Dauprat duets he goes step by step through the major & minor keys that are possible on the horn with all its crooks, done in a similar way that Bach did in the Well tempered clavier.
Dauprat defended the natural horn: ”Some have wished that by means of holes and keys the considerable series of factitious sounds on the horn might be eliminated, while at the same time and in the same way those that are totally lacking in the low register would become possible. But this method, already applied to the [keyed] trumpet, has changed the timbre of the instrument to the point of giving it a quite peculiar character, creating an instrument which is neither a trumpet nor any other known instrument. ... The horn would probably fare likewise were it made to undergo similar alterations: it would lose its character and the true quality of its natural and factitious tones. Most of these latter have a charm that is particularly theirs, and which serve, so to speak, for shadings and nuances in contrast with the natural sounds. It must then be presumed that, far from gaining by their complete removal, the horn would lose a great deal. And what is said here about the various sounds of the complete range of the instrument must obviously extend to the different crooks.
Each of these, taken by itself, has its own color, its timbre, and its special character; but if they were all combined in a single assembly, becoming but one and the same instrument, this instrument would certainly have, if you will, the same range of low, high, and middle sounds. However, the more the new inventions produce equality among all the sounds, the more the characters, colors, and timbres of the individual crooks would be distorted and confused.”